Waist pain is one of the most common diseases.

It is estimated that about 80% of the population has waist pain at least once in their lifetime. It is one of the most common reasons for being absent from work and a reason to visit Orthopedics.

It usually occurs in people aged 35-55 years.

It is related to how bones, muscles and ligaments work together in our daily activities.

Pain in the waist can be linked to the lumbar spine bones, the intervertebral discs, the spinal cord and nerves, the muscles of the area, the ligaments around the spine, organs and pelvic floor, even with skin in the lumbar region.


As the term states, the most common symptom is pain in the waist which often extends to the buttock or thigh.

Symptoms that accompany pain in the waist and will make you seek medical advice are:

Weight loss


Pain with duration that extends below the knees

Changes in habits you had in the toilet

Hypersensitivity in the genital area

Common causes of waist pain

The most common causes are:

Muscle and / or ligament contraction

Lifting a heavy item or lifting it in the wrong way

Sudden move

Stand up, bad posture, long driving, sitting position, sudden and abrupt movement, for example sneezing or coughing

Pathology of intervertebral discs (hernia, projection)




Rare causes like cancer, germ infection, sleep disorders, poor bedding and mattress

Risk factors

There are factors that are associated with a higher risk of developing waist pain such as:

Stressful and demanding work

Sitting way of life


Age (older people are more likely to hurt than children or adolescents)

Stress – depression

Gender (women)



Painful sporting activity or physical activity

Diagnosis of waist pain

In most cases, your family doctor or orthopedist will diagnose and cause your waist pain.

If your doctor suspects a disease or if the pain persists for a long time, he/she may ask you to do special exams such as:

Visual inspection, for example x-rays, CT / MRI

Blood tests

Limb Electromyography


Simple tips such as changing daily habits (reading posture, office work, moving objects, sleeping posture), losing weight and exercising to strengthen and gain flexibility, use of anatomical mattress can help prevent waist pain.