Sexual education is divided into 3 periods depending on the child’s psychosomatic maturity: preschool, school age and adolescence.

Preschool age
Young children are very interested in their bodies from the age of 2-3 years. At 2-6 years of age, they begin the first questions, especially to the mother. The answers to children of this age should be simple and correct. They should also be reassuring, for example that boys are made of girls differently, so as not to cause problems of jealousy or fear. All this implies the mother’s education and of course it’ s important her educational level.

School age
The best ages for sex education courses are ages 8-12. Children in this age group need detailed information. Specifically, girls are interested in learning about what is going on in their bodies (menstruation, pregnancy, breast augmentation, etc.), while boys are interested in their role in the process of childbirth and birth. The questions here are either simple or complex, such as what are the testicles, what’ their function, what’ the womb’s function etc.

It should be emphasized that the pediatrician, the parents and anyone else involved with the information should seriously inform the child properly. It is important for the child to gain the confidence of the one who will inform him/her, otherwise he/she will not ask again. So he/she’ll try to find out from another source – which might not be the most appropriate. Seriousness, responsibility, truth, confidence building is the secret to the proper sexual information of children of this age group.

Adolescence
Adolescence is the most difficult age for one to approach someone because adolescence is dominated by the rebelliousness of the youth, but at the same time by spontaneity and immaturity. These elements constitute an explosive mixture, therefore the teenager’s approach is more difficult and requires patience and persistence. A teenager will only communicate if he/she trusts someone.

Sexual education of a teenager has many parameters. It is not enough for a teenager to know just his/her body, the reproductive process and the anatomical details of the genitals (anatomy, function and hygiene).

The teenager must learn about the obligations created by a permanent relationship and later by marriage. He/she needs to learn how his/her own sex life can affect the life of others.

The pediatrician acts not only as an extension of the teenager’s parents, but also as a great friend of the child.